The Boeing B-29
was planned in the 1930s, the first making it's maiden flight in September
1942. The B-29 was reserved for the war in the Pacific area, where its
great range of 3,700+ miles made it particularly suited for the long
over-water flights required to attack the Japanese homeland from bases
in China. It's flight ceiling was 33,600 ft, cruising speed 220 mph.
The B-29s undoubtedly hastened the end of WW2 in the Pacific.
On August 6th, 1945, the B-29 nicknamed 'Enola Gay' dropped the first
atomic bomb, on Hiroshima, and three days later, B-29 'Bockscar' dropped
the second, on Nagasaki. On the very next day, the Emperor of Japan
announced unconditional surrender.
After the liberation of Weihsien Civil Asembly Centre, Shandong on 17
August, 1945, it was B-29s which flew frequent sorties from the US base
on Okinawa to make parachute drops of vital food supplies for the camp.
As former camp internees will remember, it was truly scarey if you were
in the middle of the drop site when a B-29 with bomb racks open roared