REPRODUCED AT THE
the intelligence office
Chief of Naval Operations
on Foreign Mail Room
1943 MAY 19 PM
May 1, 1943
Japanese, Chinese and
SUBJECT: CONCENTRATION CAMPS, OCCUPIED CHINA.
recent weeks the Japanese appear to have tightened the restrictions imposed on
"enemy nationals" resident in the occupied areas of North and Central China. Official and
semi-official Japanese announcements of the concentration of Allied Nations
nationals are confirmed from independent sources.
brief description of the more important camps is given herewith as compiled
from available sources.
WEIHSIEN (SHANTUNG PROVINCE)
is on the railway about 80 Miles (airline) west of TSlNGTAO and approximately
30 miles south of LAICHOW BAY.
American Presbyterian Mission is said to consist of 61 buildings with conspicuous
Japanese correspondent visiting WEIHSIEN on April 26th makes the following
observations concerning life among the internees:
internees, who are divided into married and unmarried groups, administer their
daily routine affairs through their various committees such as supply, medical,
education, housing, etc. The camp has a hospital to provide medical service and
a library for study. There are 15 doctors among the internees. Education of the
children is entrusted to the missionaries. Food is prepared by professional
cooks who before the war worked in Peiping, Tientsin, Tsingtao and other places in North China. Baseball and hockey games were being played. Internees cultivate
flowers and vegetables. Excellent cooking and sanitary features are provided at
the camp and the kitchen larder is plentifully supplied with foodstuffs,
including meat and eggs. There is a chapel for worship. Facilities are being
provided for the internees to learn Japanese. The camp is provided with a dining
hall, assembly hall and canteen. The administration of the carp 1s vested in a
camp supervisor and under him there are four departments which are subdivided
into general affairs, accounts and allowances, medical treatment, housing
equipment, industrial training, education and discipline. Each section is
governed by a committee of four members who are mutually elected by the
internees. Indians, persons under medical care and nationals of countries which
have only severed diplomatic relations with Japan are
exempted from the concentration camps."
correspondent visiting WEIHSIEN writes as follows on April 27th:
the more notable persons in the internment camp here are:
E.J. Nathan. Manager, Kailan Mining
W.B. Christian Representative, Anglo-American Trust in North China.
White Kerr American
――― Hayes American Bank Clerk.
――― Pinger American Missionary.
Mrs., Spear American.
Miss Adella Canadian
――― Maclaren British
P.A. Whiting British Trader
representatives of the internees were gathered in a single room with the
permission of the Camp Director and the correspondent was able to gain from them a personal
description of conditions within the camp. When asked how they felt, Nathan
replied that the food was sufficient and that he was satisfied, while Christian
praised the kindness of the Camp Director and all of the other authorities and said: “We all feel grateful, I
can assure you”. Mrs. Spear was more philosophical and replied: “I had nothing
to do until today, but now that I am here I can do the work of a woman which is
a God given destiny. I am certain that the internment will not be so bad if all
will work together in the right spirit”. When asked their opinions of the
Greater East Asia War, both Nathan and Maclaren said
that they knew nothing about political affairs. Maclaren
declared however, “All I wish is that the war will end soon and we are again
able to resume our business”, Miss Adella said: “We
are all praying to God that the war will end as soon as possible”. I told them
about the harsh treatment which Japanese nationals residing in their countries
wore receiving as learned through magazines and newspapers recently coming in
hand from overseas. Contrasting this with the fair treatment which they were
receiving, I asked for their opinion. White Kerr said: “But we do not know
anything about it and it is not our fault”. Maclaren
said: “We cannot believe that our fellow countrymen at home are mistreating
your nationals. There must be some mistake”, Mrs, Spear said: “I'm sincerely
hoping that people at home are treating your nationals just us kindly as your
authorities are treating us”.
Additional Japanese reports vary as to the
number of internees.
As of April 22nd the total was given as
2108 divided between WEIHSIEN and CHEFOO with 1756 at the former and 352 at the
latter place. Nationalities were given as follows:
on April 26th it was reported that there were 1840 internees at Weihsien of
whom 950 were Americans and the remaining 890 were British. It is believed that
the figures of the 22nd are more nearly correct.
sources in Peiping indicate that the American and British Nationals in the Peiping area have been well
treated by the Japanese. However, on March 14th the Americans were notified by
the Swiss representative that they must be prepared to leave Peiping on March 24th for
internment in WEIHSIEN. Each individual was allowed to take two suitcases of
personal effects and bedding. British subjects were instructed to be ready to
proceed to SHANTUNG on March 27th. Although the Chinese in Peiping have not been
encouraged or permitted to fraternize with "enemy nationals" many had
been punished and reprimanded for doing so. Nevertheless Chinese friends had
constantly contacted and assisted foreigners and some of the Americans had
turned over their valuables to Chinese friends for safekeeping, It is believed that practically all Americans in Peiping were compelled to go to
WEIHSIEN with the possible exception of a few elderly or sick people.
of March 17th Dr. Leighton Stuart, President of Yenching University, was still
kept in Mr, A.C. Henning's residence on Waichiaopu Street, Peiping in company
with Mr. Trevor Bowen, Acting Director of Peiping Union Medical College. The
property of the Peiping Union Medical College was being used by the Japanese as a military hospital, as was the Presbyterian Hospital in
the northern part of the city. Dr. Stuart and his companion had not been
permitted to receive visitors but had been permitted to communicate by letter
twice a week with other Americans and to receive mail.
former American Marine Barracks in Peiping now serves as the headquarters of the Japanese Gendarmerie.
is believed that the majority of the internees in CHEFOO are children at the China Inland Mission School where
they have been held in the cramped quarters of the school compound in the
company of their teachers. The adult internees appear to have been quartered
apart from the school children. The administration also appears to have been
transferred to the Japanese consular authorities and taken out of the hands of
Japanese give the number of foreign internees at CHEFOO as 352.
(In Kiangsu province across the Yangtze River from Chinkiang on the Grand
sources state enemy nationals in Central
China (not including Amoy) were grouped in Shanghai and Yangchow.
sources in late March reported that certain British women from the Shanghai area were
being or had been concentrated at Yangchow.
Japanese announced on April 21st that the internment of enemy nationals in the Shanghai area,
numbering some 6,000 and composed of Americans, British and Dutch was completed
on the 20th. It was stated that camps had been established in POOTUNG, CHAPEl, LUNGHUA and other suburban districts of Shanghai with each
camp holding from one to two thousand internees. The Japanese statement said
that teachers, religious workers and hospital workers were being allowed to
resume their former work, this being highly appreciated by the individuals
"as well ――――
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